The Malinois dog is a shepherd dog variety that originates from the country of Belgium. This breed of dog is commonly used as an animal to detect odors such as narcotics, explosives, and fire triggers (for fire investigations). In addition, they are also commonly used by the authorities to track criminals.

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History of Belgian Malinois Dogs

malinois dog image

The Malinois is a shepherd dog that comes from 4 dog breeds from Belgium. In their home country, this one dog is also called the Belgian shepherd dog.

The Malinois dog is also known to have several names such as:

  • Chien De Berger Belge
  • Mechelaar
  • Mechelse Herder
  • Mechelse Scheper
  • and Pastor Belga Malinois.

As the name suggests, Malinois is the name of one of the cities in Belgium, namely Malines or in the original language is Mechelen.

In that city, many of these dogs are kept and raised by breeders of goats, sheep, or other livestock.

There is no doubt that the dog’s ability to protect livestock is no longer in doubt, so many people take advantage of it.

When the first and second world wars, this breed of dog was almost extinct and people – people have started to change their views to keep this dog.

After the second world war, these dogs were also kept by many people.

This is because this dog can comply with the various activities of its owner, so it is considered very friendly.

In 1959, the Belgian Malinois was recognized by the American Kennel Club. Then in 1965, this breed was made into the status of a working dog.

After experiencing a change in breed status, finally in 1983, the Malinois was included in the group of sheepdogs.

But for the police in the United States and several other countries, including Indonesia, this breed is still used as a bloodhound.

The White House also uses the Belgian Belgian as the official US Secret Service dog to keep the White House safe.

Differences between Belgian Malinois and Herder Dogs

the difference between Belgian Malinois and Herder

The Belgian Malinois dog is often equated with a german shepherd, but they both come from different breeds, here are the differences between the two, including:

a. Behavioral Traits and Characteristics:

Malinois Dog:

  • Smaller body shape.
  • Known to be energetic animals.
  • Have a lot of stamina & skills to carry out tasks.
  • Lively and flexible.
  • Aggressive.

Herder Dog:

  • Not so aggressive.
  • Lower attack speed than Belgian Malinois.
  • Popular in America.

b. Duty

Malinois Dog:

  • Initially a shepherd animal then became a guard dog.
  • Usually works to help police & soldiers to accompany, search and carry out rescue.
  • It takes high patience & consistency to train it.
  • Sensitive and stubborn when receiving bad treatment when training hard.
  • Friendly to humans who have a friendly attitude.
  • Usually used to guard and detect foreigners.

Herder Dog:

  • Smart animal.
  • Can receive good training before working with police & military.
  • Help the disabled to be guides.
  • Very friendly.
  • Many do social work & search for people buried in the rubble of buildings.

b. Fur

Malinois Dog:

  • Short fur.
  • How to care is enough by brushing & combing it.

Herder Dog:

  • Quite a lot of hair loss,.
  • It is estimated that it can fall out twice a year.
  • How to care for hair by brushing & combing two – 3 times a week.
  • Should not be washed frequently, because it will make the natural oils in their bodies disappear and the risk of hair loss is higher.

c. Food

Malinois Dog:

  • Food ranges from 2-3 cups of dog food.
  • Requires quality food.
  • The food ration is divided into 2 times for one day.

Herder Dog:

  • Minimum 3-4 cups of dog food.
  • Requires high quality food.
  • The food ration is divided into 2 for one day.

General Characteristics of Belgian Malinois Dogs

how to train a belgian malinois dog

The following are general characteristics or characteristics that can be found in Belgian Malinois dogs, including:

  • The tendency to bark is very small, if nothing strange is considered suspicious.
  • Not to be treated in a room or small dwelling, for example an apartment.
  • Adaptable to cold or hot temperature environments quite well.
  • Requires consistent practice & proper method of play.
  • Can receive learning / training quickly.
  • Very loyal to family members as well as owners.
  • Very high alert and sensitive instincts.
  • Has a very high level of intelligence.
  • Less friendly to other creatures.

Characteristics of a Belgian Malinois Dog

the characteristics of a Belgian Malinois dog

Here are some of the characteristics of the Malinois dog, including:

1. Posture

The following are characteristics of body posture in Malinois dogs, including:

  • Medium to large size.
  • It has a proportional shape, so it fits perfectly into the sheepdog group.
  • It has a brown coat and small details of a short reddish & black color.
  • At the ear, the shape is upright black facing forward.
  • Black muzzle, tapered posture.
  • His posture is more boxy than other sheepdogs, such as the German Shepherd.

2. Head

Here are the characteristics of the Malinois dog on the head:

  • The head does not appear wrinkled at all and is neat.
  • The facial jaw and bones seem strong but do not appear rough.
  • The eyes are brownish and darker with an almond shape and medium size.
  • The lips and gums are dark in color resembling the muzzle color.

3. Agency

Here are the characteristics of the Malinois dog on their body:

  • Has a neck that is long enough.
  • Her body was slender (still showing her strength for guard dogs).
  • On the front legs are straight and the tread is round like a cat’s paw.
  • Nail color is mostly dark black.
  • His back revealed his strong bones and they were so straight they looked upright & strong.
  • The tail does not lift or just sits down.

4. Feather & Color

Here are the characteristics of the Malinois dog in their fur and color:

a. Pure Race:

  • It has a basic coat color of brown with a slight yellow to black color with slightly reddish & brown details.
  • The ears are dark black at the edges.
  • The buttocks, inner legs, and underneath are light or some of them are more black / hairy overlay.
  • In some parts such as the chest and toes are white.

b. Crossbreeding:

  • Has varied colors resulting from crosses with Belgian Shepherd races.
  • The results of this cross-breeding produce Malinois with longer hair and a blacker color.
  • For its own fur, short and quite rough.
  • Can withstand hot and cold weather.
  • On the inside of the body has thick, thick fur.
  • There are several sections with short hair such as legs, ears, and head.
  • Meanwhile, the longer hair is on the neck and thicker only around the tail.

5. Size & weight

Here are the characteristics of the Malinois dog in terms of size and weight:

  • Male dogs have a normal size of about 61 – 66 cm / 24 – 26 inches with a body weight of about 25-30 kg.
  • For female dogs, they have a body size of about 56-61 cm / 22-24 inch with a body weight of about 20-25 kg.

How to Take Care of a Belgian Malinois Dog

training a dog

The Malinois is a natural dog and does not require a lot of grooming.

Because it has a small nail size, you don’t need to cut it too often. And you also don’t need to always comb the fur because the fur is short.

However, when the fur falls out, you have to pay close attention to it, especially during the shedding season which occurs 2 times a year.

Usually, the age of this breed can reach 10 – 12 years, but it depends on how you care for it.

For health problems, this type of race is prone to epilepsy, cataracts, pannus, and thyroid.

Frequently invite the dog to continue training and regularly take him to exercise. With a note, do not take him for a run if the dog is less than 1 year old. Belgian

Belgian Malinois Dog Food

Belgian Malinois dog food

For his own feed, you can give him general dog food which can be easily found in pet stores / supermarkets.

Make sure if you can meet other nutrients, for example calcium, phosphorus, vitamins, minerals, and omega 3.

You can also give raw bones, such as a head (the beak is removed) or a chicken claw.

Meanwhile, to meet other needs, you can add green vegetables, such as lettuce, pokcoy, and beans.

It’s good if you don’t boil it directly in other words, just brew it using hot water.

Besides that, you can also give him fruits so that the necessary nutrients are more complete. Some of the fruits that can be given are pineapple, orange, papaya and apple (remove the seeds because they contain toxins).

For omega 3 needs, you can give fish oil in capsules, drops, or whole fish.

Price of Belgian Malinois dogs

dog cost

As a guard dog, this Belgian Malinois dog has a high price, here is the information:

SpecificationPrice
Belgian Malinois non stamboomIDR 2,000,000
Belgian Malinois stamboom puppiesIDR 8,000,000 IDR 10,000,000
Belgian Malinois stamboom trained> 1 yearIDR 13,000,000 – IDR 15,000,000
Belgian Malinois good qualityIDR 18,000,000 – IDR 20,000,000