Scabies or known as scabies is a skin disease caused by a parasite in the form of mites (mite) Sarcoptes scabiei. The parasite has a characteristic presence alopecia, scabs, and excessive itching on the skin. And this scabies usually attacks dogs, to humans.

Definition

scabies in dogs

Scabies that occurs in dogs is a skin disease caused by an external parasite infestation of a type of mite (cannot be seen without using tools) that live in the skin follicles.

The presence of scabies is characterized by the presence of damaged skin tissue and secondary infection (putrefaction) caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

Diseases like this have zoonotic properties or can be transmitted to humans which will cause symptoms in the form of itching and inflammation of the skin after direct contact with a dog contaminated with this disease.

Transmission

dog scabies medication

In general, humans or animals affected by scabies are infected by animals or materials that have been contaminated with this one parasite. Enth is objects such as a place to eat, a place to drink, or even a cage.

In general, the parts of the body that are often attacked by scabies are areas that are slightly overgrown with hair or hair such as:

  • Muzzle
  • Ear
  • Lower chest
  • Stomach
  • Base of tail
  • Along the back
  • Neck
  • Sis

Sarcoptes scabiei which is a parasite that causes this disease will usually move through the skin and then attack the lymph, and over time it will eat the epidermal cells of the skin.

The activity of this type of mite will produce irritation and cause excessive itching and will make a trail in the form of an abrasion. So if left alone it will make the sufferer experience an even worse condition.

Cause

dog scabies

  • Due to an external parasite infestation, a type of mite (Sarcoptes scabiei), which then lives and multiplies in the dog’s skin follicle tissue.
  • Transmitted by dogs that have previously had scabies.
  • Transmitted through environments such as cages and very dirty surroundings.
  • Direct contact with various objects that have been contaminated with the parasite that causes scabies.

Prevention

Prevention

The most effective prevention to prevent attacks from scabies is to prevent yourself and pets from getting away from the parasite.

The following are some simple steps you can take, including:

  • Clean all clothes, cages, places to eat and drink, and personal items when you suspect you have been exposed to mites.
  • Wrap items believed or suspected to have been exposed to the parasite in plastic, and wait a few days because the parasite will die of oxygen.
  • Maintain the cleanliness of the home environment and yard properly.
  • Keep the dog’s cage and play environment clean.
  • Bathe your dog with a complete routine using anti-parasitic shampoo.
  • Avoid direct contact with or come into contact with dogs believed to be contaminated with scabies

Symptoms

Symptoms

The following are some of the clinical symptoms of scabies, including:

  • The mites usually have a breeding ground on body surfaces where hair is sparse. Such as: skin on the face and earlobe (sheep, goat, rabbit), legs, hips and neck (cow), muzzle, head and neck (horse), base of tail (dogs and wolves), as well as on the back (pigs) ).
  • These lesions or mites will then spread to other areas of the body including areas of the body that have thick hair and hair. Sheep that have thick wool are rarely attacked by this parasite.
  • Itching sensation and visible discomfort in animals by rubbing their bodies against various objects or other body parts.
  • Pathological changes in the form of erythema, pruritus, then ruptured papules appear, resulting in peeling of the skin, which resembles scales and scabies. The form of scabies here will look dry, less clearly demarcated, and the edges look irregular.
  • Hair loss in which the lesion edges are uneven, does not appear so prominent from the surface, scaly to scab, and papule formation.
  • Your appetite will be reduced, thin, and will smell musty.
  • In the bed area, you will find loss of skin tissue.
  • Hair loss in the wound area
  • There is inflammation and sores in the skin area with red spots in color, if the wound is severe it will usually bleed and drain pus
  • The dog’s condition will turn out to be thin, the weight will drop dramatically because the parasite has sucked its blood.
  • The dog’s temperature will increase due to inflammation.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

  • Based on the clinical symptoms shown by the dog and will usually be seen.
  • Conducted physical examination (inspection and palpation of the wound).
  • Examination in the laboratory (skin scrapings in the area of ​​the wound) to determine the cause of the disease.

Care & Medication

treatment of scabies in dogs

The following are some of the treatments or medications that are done to treat scabies, including:

  • Diping the dog’s body using sulfur
  • Provide anti-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Provide anti-parasitic drugs. Either orally or by injection.
  • Provide antibiotics orally / topically / injection to facilitate wound healing so that it becomes dry quickly.

Apart from the above treatments, there is also scabies therapy, namely:

Therapy by giving an antiparasitic such as ivermectin via subcutaneous. Ivermectin is a drug used as an antiparasitic with neurotoxic properties which has the potential to inhibit the neurotransmitter, GABA. (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid).

In parasites, GABA is used as a nerve receptor excitatory, therefore, if given ivermectin will make nerve paralysis in these mites.

Drug

revolution dog

In the last few years, there have been a lot of products developed by several manufacturers that have proven to be effective, safe and convenient for treating scabies in dogs.

An example is a product called Revolution.

Revolution is a dog scabies drug that is generally used once every one month.

Where this drug also has the benefit of providing good prevention to heartworms and can overcome lice.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is scabies in dogs?

Scabies or known as scabies is a skin disease that usually affects dogs due to a parasite in the form of mites.
The presence of scabies is characterized by the presence of damaged skin tissue and secondary infection (putrefaction) caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

Causes of scabies in dogs?

– Transmitted by dogs who have previously had scabies.
– Transmitted through environments such as cages and very dirty surroundings.
– Direct contact with various objects that have been contaminated with the parasite that causes scabies.

Scabies medicine in dogs?

In the last few years, there have been a lot of products developed by several manufacturers, one of which is a product called Revolution. This product can not only cure scabies, but also provide good prevention for heartworms and treat lice.